המועדונים שלנו:
דף הביתדוח על מהגרים 2019
 
דוח על מהגרים 2019
 
דוח על מהגרים 2019

COUNCIL OF EUROPE
Migrants – Displaced persons and Refugees
International MigrantsDay…………………………………………….................................p. 1
UN Conference on the Global compact…………………………………………………….p. 1
Children and their rights……………………………………………………………………P. 2
To combat radicalization……………………………………………………………………p. 2
New walls…………………………………………………………………………………..p. 3
I – International Migrants Day
Mayors of intercultural cities programme join voices for inclusion and diversity
On the occasion of the International Migrants Day, mayors of the Council of Europe Intercultural Cities programme (ICC), which brings together over 130 cities around the world, speak about their initiatives for more inclusive societies in an online campaign.
Also today, Madrid (Spain), Dudelange (Luxembourg), Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees and Manchester (UK) symbolically joined the network, shortly after the cities of Marybirnong (Australia) and Kepez (Turkey).
The ICC supports cities in reviewing their policies through an intercultural lens and developing comprehensive intercultural strategies to help them manage diversity positively and realise the diversity advantage. It promotes intercultural integration as an enabling factor for the protection of human rights at local level and helps cities to ensure equality and non-discrimination, foster cross-cultural mixing and to make institutions open and inclusive.
The Global Compact for Migration, adopted recently by 164 nations, recognised the positive impact of migration for the development of both origin and destination countries. Throughout human history, migration has contributed to cultural diversity and to more creative, dynamic and resilient societies.
II – UN Conference on the Global Compact
Strasbourg, 10.12.2018 - On 10-11 December 2018, in Marrakech, the Special Representative of the Secretary General on Migration and Refugees (SRSG), Ambassador Tomáš Boček, is representing the Council of Europe at the Intergovernmental Conference to adopt the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration.
The Council of Europe, with its system for human rights protection, is ready to engage in the implementation of the Global Compact. The initiatives undertaken in the Council of Europe Action Plan on Protecting Refugee and Migrant Children represent some of the most ambitious and successful actions of our organisation in the migration field. In particular they can offer a valuable contribution to our member states, but also to other regions and the international community as a whole seeking to secure the practical implementation of the laudable objectives of the Global Compact on Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration.
The Secretary General of the 47-nation Council of Europe, Thorbjørn Jagland, has expressed his support for the United Nations Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration adopted today:
“Migration is one of the biggest challenges of our time. It affects the well-being, dignity and sometimes even the survival of millions of people, many of whom are fleeing war zones, persecution or natural disasters. The human rights of refugee and migrant children deserve special protection,” said Thorbjørn Jagland.
III - Children in migration must be informed about their rights
Children in migration have the right to be informed about their rights. Such information is crucial for having their voice heard and enabling them to participate in procedures affecting them. These children, despite being one of the most vulnerable groups in Europe today, face barriers in access to information that is child-friendly and age-appropriate.
In response to these challenges, on the occasion of the International Migrants Day marked today, the Council of Europe, has launched the Handbook for frontline professional on how to convey child-friendly information to children in migration.
Developed in the framework of the Action Plan on protecting refugee and migrant children, the handbook on child-friendly information is crucial for keeping children safe and able to access their rights.
The handbook includes examples of promising practices implemented around Europe, practical tips to highlight ways to implement this guidance in practice, specific situations or risk factors that would increase a child’s vulnerability or increase the barriers in access to rights; questions children may have at different stages of their journey; children’s recommendations; “golden rules” for each context.
Quotes from children, too, make part of the book. “ In class, there are some who are a little embarrassed, others who are shy and others who are ashamed of not knowing. They feel stuck, blocked. Everyone has his story. There are some who are there, they are in class but in their head they are elsewhere. They think of their past. Sometimes people are scared, their situation is very complicated, it’s not easy,” – says 15-year-old Hafidjou.
The book is launched under the Strategy for the Rights of the Child (2016-2021).
IV - Education and social inclusion to combat the radicalisation of migrants
Although the overwhelming majority of refugees arriving in Europe clearly flee violence and extremism in their countries of origin and are hoping for safe and secure life, there is a real danger of radicalisation on the way, including in refugee camps and detention centres, the Migration Committee stressed. And the absence of comprehensive migration policies, she added, "greatly increases the risk of the spread of violent extremism and radicalization among migrants”.

Following the proposals of the rapporteur Sahiba Gafarova (Azerbaijan, EC), the committee called for close and co-ordinated collaboration between all relevant stakeholders at all levels of governance (local, regional and national), including with civil society to combat radicalisation. Member States should promote policies that highlight the benefits of diversity and develop young people's perception of their positive personal identity, free from any
inferiority complex.

Parliamentarians expressed concern about the recent, rapidly spreading phenomenon of radicalisation via the internet and social networks. "A comprehensive approach, which affects all Internet users, should be developed and include all stakeholders, including the web industry, Internet service providers, public authorities and civil society," the parliamentarians said. For their part, the media should also show the positive aspects and benefits of diversity, and "not just the potential threats".

Women and women's organisations that play a key role in preventing radicalisation within the family, but also in the community, "should be more involved in policy making, educational activities and preventive community work”.
V - New walls against migrants ‘morally unacceptable’, says committee
On the eve of International Migrants’ Day (18 December), PACE’s Migration Committee, in a statement, called for the respect of migrants’ fundamental rights.
Statement adopted by the Committee on Migration, Refugees and Displaced Persons:
“Despite a very significant drop in the numbers of migrants arriving in Europe since the peaks registered in 2015 and 2016, immense challenges remain for all European states.
With the closure of the Balkans land routes, over 100 000 migrants attempted to cross the Mediterranean Sea in 2018 to reach the European Union. The International Organization for Migration’s Missing Migrants Project recorded more than 2 000 deaths of boat migrants in the Mediterranean in 2018, which constitutes two-thirds of all migrant fatalities globally. Europe cannot look away while the Mediterranean Sea continues to be a mass grave.
Turkey is hosting more than 3.5 million registered refugees from Syria. There are more than 1.5 million refugees in Germany. This number of refugees is nearly equalled by the number of registered IDPs in Europe. Hundreds of thousands of undocumented migrants are stranded in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Italy, Spain and other member States of the Council of Europe. Many more hundreds of thousands are trafficked and exploited in Europe, most of them vulnerable migrants.
Behind these figures are individual human fates – men, women and children compelled to leave their homes, who depend on humanitarian support, whose human rights must be respected and who must be allowed to contribute to our common future.
Until 30 years ago, Europe was divided for several decades by an “iron curtain”. Building new walls in Europe against migrants and refugees is not an option, as it is neither practically feasible nor morally acceptable.
This predicament concerns all member States of the Council of Europe alike, whether members of the EU or not. Therefore, the Council of Europe and its Parliamentary Assembly must continue to prioritise action in this field.
The United Nations Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (Marrakesh, 10-11 December) will require follow-up action in all regions of the world. As a regional organisation with observer status to the UN, the Council of Europe is in a prime position to discuss and identify responses by member States to the Global Compact. While immigration constitutes a competence of each member State, a coordinated approach is needed to prevent political cleavages and conflicts on the European continent. The decisions are often difficult, yet parliamentarians in Europe must lead the debate.
International Migrants’ Day on 18 December is a reminder for everyone in Europe that there is still a long road ahead of us before migrants’ fundamental rights are respected and their voices heard. National parliaments members of PACE have a key role to play in upholding the human rights and democratic standards of the Council of Europe, and in working towards safe and sustainable migration management for the future.”
Brigitte LE GOUIS ECICW Representative at the Council of Europe